Prague – Back to Where It Began
In the 14th century, Prague was the largest city in Europe, with over 50 000 residents and 8.1 square kilometers. However, the town faced many difficulties after the death of the Emperor in 1378. The city ceased to be a major center for trade and the country was divided into many kingdoms. This article explores the history of Prague and the sights to see while in this fascinating city. It also features the famous Tyn Cathedral, St. Vitus Cathedral, and St. Nicholas Church.
St. Vitus Cathedral
Until 1997, the cathedral was dedicated to St. Vitus, and is still commonly known as such. However, today it is more commonly known as the Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus, and Wojtek. Cardinal Miroslav Vlka was the first to give the cathedral its current name. The cathedral’s first church was a rotunda with a cruciform plan, and it was built by Bohemian prince Wenceslaus I, the patron saint of the Czech state. His tomb is located in the cathedral’s crypt. This area contains many treasures from throughout the cathedral, including a statue of St. Vitus.
In the ninth century, the Bishop of Prague was elevated to the archbishopric status of the city, and the city needed a new royal church. King John of Bohemia laid the cornerstone for the St. Vitus Cathedral, and it took several years to complete. Over the course of the centuries, several chief engineers worked on the cathedral’s construction. Matthias of Arras designed the overall structure, modelled after the great French Gothic cathedrals.
The interior of St. Vitus Cathedral is equally impressive. The main nave is 124 meters long, and is 33 meters high. The interior has multicoloured stained glass windows designed by artists such as Mucha and Svabinsky. The cathedral’s interior is a combination of rich colour and grandeur. Visiting the Cathedral during the summer is recommended to get the best views. You’ll enjoy the sunshine and the stained glass.
The last part of the cathedral’s facade is the mosaic of the Last Judgment. It occupies 84 square meters of the cathedral’s facade and depicts the Last Judgment in triptych form. It was created in 1371 at the behest of Charles IV, who made Prague the center of the Czech empire. Christ stands at the center, surrounded by angels, and images of hell and heaven are also included.
If you’re in the mood for art, you can visit St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. It’s located in the city’s third courtyard, and is easily accessible by tram. It is free to enter, but the ticket for entry is separate. You can purchase tickets online or at the cash desk. A good website to look up prices is Getyourguide.com. This website can give you information about Prague’s attractions.
St. Nicholas Church
The bell tower of St. Nicholas Church was used by the State Secret Service during the Communist era as an observation point. During this period, the tower was a favorite place for the Communist government to watch the embassies of western countries. The tower was restored in the 1990s, and an exhibit was set up in the church that featured music played by the church’s choirs. The bell tower is the largest of its kind in Prague.
This historic building is home to a large collection of art, including frescoes from all over Europe. The cupola fresco took a year to complete. The church also has a main organ by Jesuit Thomas Schwarz, which has over 4,000 pipes. The organ has been played by W. A. Mozart during his stay in Prague. The organ is also used as a chamber music venue. There are many other art works on display in the church.
Although the main entrance of St. Nicholas Church opens onto a square, the church’s original entrance was in a tiny square on Maiselova Street, a street that led into the Jewish Quarter. The square that leads up to the church was also the location of the poultry market. Its beautiful interior and stunning architecture make it a must-visit when in Prague. Although it may get cold inside, the church is heated in winter, so visitors are able to enjoy classical music concerts throughout the year.
There are three St. Nicholas churches in Prague, and the biggest of them is located in the Lesser Town. This church was originally the parish church of St. Nicolas, but the Jesuit Order gained control of it in the 17th century. The Jesuits subsequently bought the surrounding lots and started construction on the church. In 1673, the foundation stone was laid for the new church. The church’s interior features many frescoes and is considered one of the most important examples of Baroque architecture in Prague.
The Baroque Church of St. Nicholas is a major symbol of Prague. Its stunning dome, thin bell-tower, and elaborate stained glass windows make it one of the most striking structures of the city. While it may not be the prettiest building in the world, the interior of St. Nicholas Church is worth a visit. Its interior is decorated with Czech art works, and it is free to visit during the day. During the Second World War, Czech army units restored the church.
The Church of Our Lady before Tn, or Church of the Mother of God before Tn, is a Gothic church and the most prominent feature of the Old Town area of Prague. The Gothic church has dominated this part of the city since the 14th century, when it was founded. Visitors to the city should take some time to explore its interior and see the church’s many treasures. Once you have seen the church, you’ll understand why it’s called “the Mother of God” and the occupant of this name.
The construction of the church was delayed by the Hussite Wars, but it resumed after the 1427 Hussite War. The church’s vicarage was converted to a lower consistory for the administration of the Sacrament. The roof was not completed until 1457, and it wasn’t until the year 1463 that the church’s western gable was completed. Construction of the northern tower took three years, while the southern tower was under the supervision of Matthias Rejsek lodge in 1506-1511.
The Gothic architecture of the church was first noticed in the 14th century, when Matthias of Arras had a royal smelting factory in Prague. Petr Parler’s work was commemorated by a 38-metre high window and a magnificent Northern portal. By the 15th century, the church was almost completed, but its towers and pediment were still missing. After the Hussites took over, Petr Parler was elected archbishop of Tyn Cathedral.
Another noteworthy Gothic church in Prague is the Church of Our Lady before Tyn, also called Tyn Church. Located at the centre of the Old Town, this church has always been considered the heart of the Old Town. Built on the site of an older building, the Church of Our Lady before Tyn was a shrine before the four town merger in 1784. It was the most important shrine in the Old Town until the four towns of Prague were united in 1784.
The Tyn Church houses the remains of many famous people. The body of the famous Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, who worked at the court of the Habsburg Emperor Rudolf II, is buried in the church’s tombstone. The tombstone of this famous astronomer is found in the right pillar of the chancel steps. As a bonus, this church is open to the public. The church is home to a number of notable astronomers and a museum dedicated to Tycho Brahe.